Bipolar Disorder

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a long-term mental health condition which affects your moods, which can be from one extreme to the other. It was formally known as manic depression. Those who suffer from bipolar disorder mainly experience episodes of mania and depression. It can be moderate or severe and have a major impact on your life. A treatment plan for bipolar disorder may include medication and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Consult your doctor if you are advised or think you need medication to control your bipolar.

Types of bipolar disorder:

Bipolar I disorder

If you suffer from bipolar I disorder you will have had one episode of mania that lasts for longer than a week. Without treatment manic episodes will usually last for 3-6 months. However, depressive episodes will generally last for 6-12 months without treatment.

Bipolar II disorder

If you are suffering from bipolar II disorder the most common symptom is depression. In general people who suffer from this type of bipolar disorder have one major period of depression and one period of hypo-mania instead of mania.

 

Bipolar I or II disorder with mixed features  

People who suffer from bipolar I or II with mixed features will generally experience symptoms of mania, hypo-mania and depression at the same time. This type of disorder is commonly known as "mixed bipolar state". You many experience extreme sadness and hopelessness at the same time as feeling overactive.

Bipolar I or II disorder with rapid cycling 

This type of bipolar disorder means you have had four or more episodes of manic, depression and hypo-mania in a twelve month period. 

Bipolar I or II with seasonal patterns 

Bipolar I or II with seasonal patterns means that you are affected with your mania, hypo-mania and depression in the same way by seasons. For example, in the winter time you may find your depression worsening but your mania or hypo-mania is not affected.

Cyclothymia 

If you are diagnosed with a cyclothymia, you will have experienced episodes of depression and hypo-mania for at least two years. However, you may not be diagnosed with bipolar as generally cyclothymia symptoms are milder than bipolar disorder.

Symptoms of depression and mania associated with bipolar disorder:​

Depression:

  • Insomnia 

  • Loss of appetite 

  • Feeling sad or hopeless

  • Suicidal thoughts 

  • Self-doubt 

  • Feelings of guilt and despair 

  • Lack of energy 

  • Hallucinations/illogical thinking 

  • Feelings worthless or emptiness 

Manic:

  • Talking too quickly 

  • Missing meals 

  • Hallucinations 

  • Feeling excessively happy or overjoyed 

  • Insomnia 

  • Getting easily distracted 

  • Feeling irritable or agitated 

How Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can help me?

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy helps you understand the link between your thoughts, feelings and behaviors. CBT is known to help find ways to overcome your anxiety by identifying any negative patterns which cause your anxiety and transform them with healthy, positive thoughts and feelings.This is achieved by a concept called Systematic Desensitization, which is also known as exposure therapy. Your therapist will gradually expose you to situations which would normally trigger your anxiety. Eventually you will learn to replace any negative thoughts and feelings with positive ones. 

What are you waiting for? Choose your therapist today and begin                                    your journey to a new and happier you.