Nutrition and Weight

Eating a well balanced diet with plenty of fruit, vegetables, drinking at least 8 glasses of water a day and getting regular exercise is crucial to your well-being and your mental health. This is especially important in the early years as children who consume saturated fats, refined carbohydrates and processed food in their diet is associated with poor mental health in children and young people. This can lead to lack of energy and lack of concentration in school, thus affecting their school performance. 

Your body weight is calculated by the formula = energy obtained from food to the amount of energy your body uses. Any excess energy is stored in the body as fat. It may seem as simple as eat less and move more. Unfortunately, its not that simple. There are factors that need to be taken into account when creating a plan to suit your needs as everyone is different.

 

Everyone has their own unique body type and metabolism. In addition to this, other factors need to be considered, such as:

  • Mental health issues - anxiety, depression etc, considering the bigger picture

  • Health issues - diabetes

  • Work related stress 

  • Disability - may have problems cooking healthy meals due to their disability, may not be able to exercise etc 

  • Not knowing how to cook

  • Dietary requirements - vegan, vegetarian, intolerance to certain foods, allergies 

  • Stress

  • Eating disorders

Eating disorders

An eating disorder is a psychological ​condition that causes unhealthy eating habits in an individual. They can range from not eating at all to binge eating and purging. If left untreated eating disorders can be very damaging to your physical and mental well-being and may be fatal. The cause of eating disorders varies from each person. Common causes include, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, perfectionism and levels of brain messengers - serotonin and dopamine can also cause eating disorders. 

 

There are many types of eating disorders, the most common include:

  • Binge eating - usually involves eating an unusually large amount of food (generally in secret) in one sitting. People who suffer from binge eating usually feel they cannot control their behavior and often have feelings of guilt or disgust after a binge eating session. Binge eating often contributes to being overweight or obese.

  • Anorexia nervosa - one of the most common eating disorders which usually develops during adolescence and generally affects women more then men. People who suffer from anorexia nervosa view themselves as overweight and avoid eating certain or all types of food in order to maintain or lose weight. Anorexia nervosa can be very damaging to physical and mental health. Over time, people suffering from anorexia nervosa may experience infertility, thinning of their bones, brittle hair and nails and health conditions including, low blood pressure and heart failure. 

  • Bulimia nervosa - Similar to anorexia, bulimia tends to develop in adolescence and if left untreated can continue on into adulthood. Individuals who suffer from bulimia will usually consume a large amount of food until they become painfully full then purge to compensate for the calories consumed during the binge. Purging is not limited to vomiting. Purging also includes, fasting, taking laxatives, enemas and excessive amounts of exercise. Bulimia nervosa is extremely dangerous for your health and can cause severe dehydration, acid reflux, infertility and death. 

Obesity and mental health 

Obesity is defined as being very overweight with a high level of body fat. Obesity is caused by eating too many sugary and fatty foods. However, mental health conditions such as depression can cause people to eat their feelings and gorge on large amounts of food that is high in fat and sugar. People who are obese are at risk of developing serious medical conditions such as:

  • Heart disease

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Certain types of cancer - breast cancer and bowel cancer.

  • Liver and kidney disease

  • High blood pressure

 

Other conditions that are not as dangerous but can have a significant impact on your day to day life include:

  • Joint pain

  • Fatigue 

  • Breathlessness

  • Low self-esteem

  • Increased snoring

  • Difficulty doing day to day activities, such as walking up the stairs.

How Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can help me?

 

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy helps you understand the link between your thoughts, feelings and behaviors. CBT is known to help find ways to overcome your anxiety by identifying any negative patterns which cause your anxiety and transform them with healthy, positive thoughts and feelings.This is achieved by a concept called Systematic Desensitization, which is also known as exposure therapy. Your therapist will gradually expose you to situations which would normally trigger your anxiety. Eventually you will learn to replace any negative thoughts and feelings with positive ones. If you opt for our nutrition and health plan, you will get a tailored plan that will not only look at your eating habits but will also explore any underlying causes i.e depression and your therapist will treat as a whole, saving you money and helping you to achieve your goals.

What are you waiting for? Choose your therapist today and start                                 your journey to a new and happier you.

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